Natural stone can be the ideal material when architecture is the aesthetic concern, paving the way and individuality is a unique selling point.
Natural stone offers the specifier more than just a material, it offers a story as quarried and mined from the earth, bearing a unique characteristic that is the result of complex geological processes. When embraced, this unique material can produce a wealth of options in both texture and color as no two pieces of natural stone will be exactly the same.
Each of which has slightly different properties, common natural stone flooring includes granite, marble, limestone, travertine, slate, and sandstone. In order to determine whether it is appropriate for a specific location, it’s important to understand the characteristics of the type of stone flooring tile you are purchasing.
Before purchasing natural stone tiles, there are factors that you should know about:
Grade. To rate the quality of materials, a number of retailers use a grading system. The grade of natural stone tile comprises the condition of the surface, size, shape, and thickness.
Absorption Rating. Refers to how porous a given material for absorption rating. The more susceptible it will be to stains, as well as cracking damage when subjected to freezing conditions, the more absorbent it is. With sandstone being the most porous to granite, virtually waterproof even when left unsealed natural stones vary greatly in their absorption rates.
The most porous natural stone material, in general, is sandstone. For materials that have medium absorbency, there’s travertine, limestone, and slate while relatively waterproof for granite. Compared to honed or cleft surfaces, polished materials also absorb less water.
The coefficient of Friction. How slippery various materials are being measured. The more traction a tile will have means the higher the coefficient. This figure is especially principal in moist environments like bathrooms and kitchens, including also high- traffic commercial areas.
Indoor vs. Outdoor Rating. There is number of natural stone flooring materials that are more appropriate to outdoor applications than others. Taking into consideration of the factors above mentioned will be the basis whether a material should be utilized in an open-air environment.
Oxidation. Natural stone materials are manifested beneath the earth over millions of years. For this, it often includes a variety of disparate elements. Iron is present in these materials sometimes, which exhibits a bright red and amber hues on the surface of the stone. Those traces of iron can oxidize, an activity more commonly known as rusting will be the difficulty in an outdoor environment for this type of material.